Production And Analysis Of Soap Using Variations Of Palm Oil, Virgin Coconut Oil, And Ylang Flower Extract



Palm oil, Soap, Virgin coconut oil, Ylang flower extract


Soap is a mixture of oil or fat with alkali or base through saponification, namely the hydrolysis of fat into fatty acids and glycerol under alkaline conditions. This solid bath soap from ylang flower extract is made in 8 formulas. The temperature used in the soap-making process for each formula is the same, namely 90 ℃. The stages of this research included the steps of providing raw materials (palm oil, virgin coconut oil, olive oil, castor oil, cocamide DEA, glycerin, ylang extract, and distilled water) with various oils, namely palm oil and virgin coconut oil, variations in the mass of NaOH 25 gr and 35 gr and the addition of ylang flower extract. The added ylang flower extract is an active ingredient, antibacterial, and deodorizer. This research contributes to analyzing the soap produced from palm oil and virgin coconut oil. In the water content test, the highest water content was 1.0737% with a variation of virgin coconut oil with a mass of 35 grams NaOH with the addition of extract. In the pH test, the highest pH that complied with SNI 3532-2016, namely 11, was produced in variations of palm oil with a mass of 25 grams NaOH without extract. In the free fatty acid test, free fatty acids were the highest and fulfilled according to SNI 3532-2016, which was 1.9199% produced in the virgin coconut oil variation with a NaOH mass of 25 grams with the added extract. In the stability test of solid soap foam, it was obtained that foam stability complied with SNI 3235-2016, a variation of virgin coconut oil with a mass of 25 gr NaOH with an extract of 61.4285%.


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